Capital of Argentina

What is the Capital of Argentina?

The capital of Argentina is Buenos Aires. Being the eighth largest country in the world, Argentina occupies vast territories of the South American mainland – more than 2.8 million square kilometers. Its northern neighbors are Paraguay and Bolivia , eastern – Brazil and Uruguay , in the south – Chile , eastern lands are washed by the Atlantic Ocean.

Buenos Aires Geography

City of Argentina (203 km 2 with 14,966,530 inhabitants in 2017), federal capital of the Republic, located on the edge of the Pampa, on the right bank of the Río de la Plata, about 170 km from the Atlantic. Grande B., one of the largest urban agglomerations in the world (12,795,000 inhabitants in 2007, according to international estimates), extends over 4000 km 2 and is made up of the district of the Federal Capital and 24 municipalities, some of which have demographic size of large cities . In 1986 it was decided to transfer the functions of federal capital to the town of Viedma, in Patagonia, but, due to the marginal geographical position of the latter, the president CS Menem reconfirmed B. in his role.

The climate is subtropical, with high relative humidity (often above 90%) and strong diurnal temperature variations (up to 16 ° C), the average annual temperature is 17-18 ° C (January 24 ° C, July 10 °); rainfall is around 1000 mm. The inhospitable natural environment (shallow estuary, misty, unsuitable for navigation; boundless expanses of the Pampas covered with sparse vegetation and lacking in water and building material) has been modified by man with great efforts: the Pampas have been made fertile and the Río de la Plata, by means of dredging, can also be ascended by large boats. The major development of B. began after 1880, especially for European and particularly Italian immigration. Today it is the cause of excessive centralization and consequent territorial imbalances, that attempts have been made to rebalance since the 1970s; B. nevertheless continues to exercise clear supremacy over the country. The traditional meat processing industry (which is the only one that has been partly decentralized) has been joined by large mechanical systems (cars, typewriters), textiles (artificial fibers), chemicals, etc., located mainly in the southern suburbs. There are numerous refineries, including a very large one in the municipality of Avellaneda. The concentration of industries continues to be favored by the production of electricity on site and by the good transport network: a radius of railway lines converges on B .; two oil pipelines connect it with the oil fields of the provinces of Chubut e The traditional meat processing industry (which is the only one that has been partly decentralized) has been joined by large mechanical systems (cars, typewriters), textiles (artificial fibers), chemicals, etc., located mainly in the southern suburbs. There are numerous refineries, including a very large one in the municipality of Avellaneda. The concentration of industries continues to be favored by the production of electricity on site and by the good transport network: a radius of railway lines converges on B .; two oil pipelines connect it with the oil fields of the provinces of Chubut e The traditional meat processing industry (which is the only one that has been partly decentralized) has been joined by large mechanical systems (cars, typewriters), textiles (artificial fibers), chemicals, etc., located mainly in the southern suburbs. There are numerous refineries, including a very large one in the municipality of Avellaneda. The concentration of industries continues to be favored by the production of electricity on site and by the good transport network: a radius of railway lines converges on B .; two oil pipelines connect it with the oil fields of the provinces of Chubut e chemists etc., located mainly in the southern suburbs. There are numerous refineries, including a very large one in the municipality of Avellaneda. The concentration of industries continues to be favored by the production of electricity on site and by the good transport network: a radius of railway lines converges on B .; two oil pipelines connect it with the oil fields of the provinces of Chubut e chemists etc., located mainly in the southern suburbs. There are numerous refineries, including a very large one in the municipality of Avellaneda. The concentration of industries continues to be favored by the production of electricity on site and by the good transport network: a radius of railway lines converges on B .; two oil pipelines connect it with the oil fields of the provinces of Chubut eSkip ; two gas pipelines come from the methane fields of the provinces of Chubut and Santa Cruz; the port is very active , modernly equipped and made up of various basins, all connected by canals and surmounted by bridges; Ezeiza Airport, SW of the agglomeration, is a major international airport. B. is also a first-rate commercial, financial and cultural center (banks, headquarters of national and foreign companies, universities, libraries, theaters).

Population of Argentina

The bulk of the population of Argentina are descendants of Spanish and Italian immigrants. There are almost no purebred representatives of the Indian race left in the country, there are less than 1% of the inhabitants of the original tribes. In total, almost 35 million people live here.

Nature of Argentina

The presence of four climatic zones in Argentina and the abundance of rainfall in some areas contribute to such a vibrant diversity of flora and fauna. The rarest species of llamas are found in the mountainous regions, in the interfluve you can see unique birds with bright plumage, in the north of the country there are predators: cougars, jaguars and even a relic spectacled bear.

Climatic conditions of Argentina

In the south of the country, a temperate climate prevails, in the center – subtropical, the northern regions are dominated by the tropics. The proximity of the ocean has an effect on rainfall, which decreases significantly from east to west, with the central regions often suffering from drought. In the west, the level corresponds to 100-300 mm, and in the east 1400-1600 mm. The Andean region is characterized by rainy summers with frequent floods and dry winters with unbearable heat and strong winds – “sonda” and “pamperos”. The average January temperature in Argentina is +5°C June – July +22°C.

Language of Argentina

The official language in Argentina is Spanish, Italian and French are widely used, and many speak German and English.

Cuisine of Argentina

The national cuisine in Argentina is very similar to the European one, as it was formed under the influence of immigrants. It serves a lot of vegetable dishes in a wide variety of variations. The combination of seafood and meat is very interesting here. Beef is the hallmark of the country; an incredible variety of dishes are prepared from it, combined with all kinds of spices and herbs.

Religion in Argentina

Despite the fact that Argentina is a country with officially declared freedom of religion, the vast majority of the population are Catholics.

Holidays in Argentina

May 1 is Labor Day in Argentina, commemorating the strikes and bloody clashes with the police in 1886. The New Year is not very popular here, the population loves church holidays and the days of Catholic Saints more. People celebrate Christmas in a big way.

Capital of Argentina
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