Capital of Canada

What is the Capital of Canada?

Ottawa is the capital of Canada. Ottawa is one of the unique cities in Canada. It has many national landmarks such as Parliament Hill (the same building as the Houses of Parliament in England). The National Gallery of Canada, the Royal Canadian Mint, Rideau Canal, Scotiabank Place and others . The Rideau Canal in winter is the site for the longest ice skating and boat tours in the summer.

Ottawa is the seventh coldest capital in the world. The other coldest capitals are Ulaan-Baatar in Mongolia, Astana in Kazakhstan, Moscow, Helsinki, Reykjavik in Iceland and Tallin in Estonia.

Why is Ottawa the capital of Canada?

The choice of Ottawa as the capital is strategic . The city has the advantage of being halfway between two rivals, English-speaking Toronto and French-speaking Montreal, and being on the border with the French-speaking province of Quebec. It also has the advantage of being further from the American border than its counterparts, and of being located in a region of dense forests. However, the American threat has worried the inhabitants of Canada since the War of 1812. Although located in Ontario, Ottawa is a bilingual city , in which there is a large French-speaking minorit.

City of Ottawa

Ottawa is the capital of Canada. This status was given to the city by Queen Victoria. But Ottawa is not a capital built according to a master plan, like, for example, Washington and Brasilia. The picturesque Rideau Canal. Which runs through the city center, is dotted with pleasure boats in summer. And people on skates in winter, who enjoy using the river as a natural ice rink 7.8 km long.

In the 19th century, Bytown (renamed Ottawa in 1855) was a work camp infamous throughout North America for constant skirmishes between lumberjacks. And on these dirty and dangerous streets in 1859-1865, to the horror of many Canadians, the Houses of Parliament were erected (open daily for free tours) .

Today, Ottawa’s second source of income after logging is tourism. It is a pleasant city with charming parks and canals, world-class museums and beautiful monuments. Its brief history as the nation’s capital is reflected in its imposing Victorian parliamentary complex, modern office architecture and the art housed in the National Gallery of Canada .

Situated on the border between Ontario and Quebec, Ottawa is a bilingual city. But most French Canadians (and many excellent restaurants) now live in Gatineau, on the Quebec side of the Ottawa River.