What is the Capital of Cuba?
Havana, the capital of Cuba The capital, Havana, has an important commercial position in the country. It is the main port and commercial center of Cuba. It is considered one of the largest cities in Cuba and the Caribbean in terms of population, with a population of more than 2.4 million people.
The ancient capital of Cuba
In 1592 AD, King Philip II of Spain gave Havana the title of a city, and it was officially recognized by royal decree in 1634 AD due to its importance as a key to the modern world.
Speaking about the history of the ancient capital, the beginning was when Sebastian de Ocampo came to it in 1509 AD, and in 1510 AD the Spaniards began planning to make it the actual capital due to the lack of a clear capital, but history mentions that Diego Velazquez de Cuellar is the one who actually founded the city on the twenty-fifth of the August 1515 AD over the southern coast of the island.
Geography of Havana
The city of Havana has a narrow opening after which the bay opens to include three main ports, namely: Maramlina, Guanpaco, and Altres, and most of its terrain is from low hills, as for its climate, it is affected by the tropical climate. Havana occupies an area extending to 728.26 km², starting from the west of the Gulf to its south, and rising about fifty-nine meters above sea level, and the Almendares River crosses its lands from the south to the north.
The climate of the Capital Havana
The climate of the Cuban capital, Havana, is described as a tropical climate mixed with a monsoonal climate. High temperatures in Havana range from thirty-two degrees Celsius to forty degrees Celsius, and this is according to the last census made many years ago. The lower temperatures range from six degrees Celsius to twenty degrees Celsius, according to the same previous census. Humidity in the Cuban capital ranges from seventy-two percent for the lowest to eighty percent for the highest. The rainy season is intense from June to October, and decreases from December to April. The capital is subject to many hurricanes , but it is usually in the south side of the coast.