What is the Capital of Egypt?
Cairo is the capital of Egypt and the most important city in the country. With a population of almost 20 million, Cairo is also the most populous city in Africa . However, the current government is building a brand new capital about 45 km from Cairo. The new city should be seven times the size of Paris, and see the light of day in 2030.
List of capitals of Egypt
Cairo has not been the only capital of Egypt throughout the ages; The capital of Egypt has changed several times in its history. The following is a list of Egyptian capitals arranged in chronological order.
Tina (near Gerga, present-day Sohag) (3145 BC) – the first capital in the history of the Upper and Lower Egypt.
Memphis (2950-2180 BC) – From the First Dynasty to the Eighth Pharaonic Dynasty.
Heracliopolis ( present-day Ihnasia ) (2180-2060 BC) – The Pharaonic Ninth and Tenth Dynasties.
Thebes ( present-day Luxor ) (2135-1985 BC ) – Eleventh Dynasty .
Legtawi – (1985-1785 BC) – Twelfth Dynasty .
Thebes (1785-1650 BC) – The Thirteenth Dynasty.
Khasut ( present-day Sakha ) (1715-1650 BC) – Fourteenth Dynasty .
Avaris ( present-day Zwan ) (1650-1680 BC) – Fifteenth Dynasty ( Hyksos ).
The capital of the Sixteenth Dynasty (which was also a Hyksos ) is unknown, but it may have been in the Kingdom of Kush .
Thebes (1650-1353 BC) – The Seventeenth Dynasty and the Eighteenth Dynasty (after Akhenaten ).
Akhetaton ( present-day Tell el- Amarna ) (about 1353-1332 BC) – Akhenaten (Eighteenth Dynasty).
Thebes (1332-1279 BC) – The Eighteenth and Nineteenth Dynasties (before Ramses II ).
Pi -Ramesses (1279-1078 BC) – Nineteenth Dynasty (starting with Ramses II) and Twentieth Dynasty.
Tanis ( present-day Sun of the Stone ) (1078-945 BC) – Twenty-first Dynasty.
Bubastis ( present-day Tel Basta ) (945-715 BC) – Twenty-Second Dynasty .
Tanis (818-715 BC) – Twenty-third Dynasty.
Sais ( present-day Sa al-Hijr ) (725-715 BC) – Twenty-fourth Dynasty.
Napata / Memphis (715-664 BC) – The capital of the twenty-fifth dynasty was the Nubian city of Napata (because the 25th dynasty is a Nubian dynasty), but they ruled Egypt from Memphis .
Sais (664-525 BC) – Twenty-sixth Dynasty.
Persian – Twenty-seventh Dynasty.
Sais (399-404 BC) – The Twenty-Eighth Dynasty.
Mendes ( Tell al -Rub
al-Hadimah) (399-380 BC) - Twenty-Ninth Dynasty . Spinniotus ( present-day Samanoud ) (380-343 BC) - Thirtieth Dynasty . Persian - Thirty-first Dynasty. Alexandria (332-641 AD ). Fustat ( 641 - 750 ). The military ( 750 - 868 ). Al- Qatay ( 868 – 905 ).
Fustat ( 905 – 969 ).
Cairo ( 969 – now ).