What is the Capital of Ohio?
The state capital is Columbus. The state located in the north of the United States, in the Great Lakes region. The climate of the state is temperate, continental and humid, with rather cold winters and mild summers. From the north, the state borders on the state of Michigan, from the east are the states of Pennsylvania and West Virginia, from the south, Ohio borders on the states of West Virginia and Kentucky along the Ohio River, from the west is the state of Indiana.
Geography of Columbus, Ohio
Columbus is the state capital and the most populous city in the US state of Ohio. With a 2019 population of 898,553, it is the 14th most populous city in the United States, the second most populous city in the Midwest after Chicago, and the third most populous state capital. Columbus is the county seat of Franklin County; it also extends to Delaware and Fairfield counties. It is the principal city of the Columbus, Ohio Statistical Area, which covers ten counties. With an estimated 2019 population of 2,122,271, it is the largest metropolitan area in Ohio.
Columbus originated as numerous Native American settlements on the banks of the Scioto River. Franklinton, now an urban area, was the first white settlement, laid out in 1797. The city was founded in 1812 at the confluence of the Syoto and Olentangi rivers and was planned as the capital of the state. The city was named after the Italian explorer Christopher Columbus. The city assumed the functions of the state capital in 1816 and the county seat in 1824. During a period of steady growth and industrialization, the city experienced numerous floods and recessions. Beginning in the 1950s, Columbus began to grow significantly. By the early 1990s, it had become Ohio’s largest city by area and population. The 1990s and 2000s saw redevelopment in many city neighborhoods, including downtown.
Economy Of Columbus
Capital of Ohio , on the left of the Scioto River (opposite, the suburb of Franklinton). Founded in 1812. Important industrial activities in the mechanical (aeronautical and automotive material), plastics and clothing sectors. The urban economy is driven by the service sector (which employs about 85% of the total workforce). Typical city of the Great Plains, it hosts many companies operating in the high-tech sectors. As a consequence of a widespread presence of training institutions. Road, rail communications hub (on the Pittsburgh – Cincinnati line) and fluvial; airport. In the surrounding area, coal and natural gas fields. Also renowned seat of studies: State University (opened in 1870), Capital University (1850). Franklin University (1902), in particular, the Ohio State University is very famous.
When the first white settlers arrived, multiple tribes lived in the area. The dispute between France and Britain over territory in North America, including the Ohio Territory. Led to the Franco-Indian War (1754–1763) and after the war France ceded its claim to Ohio.
The United States began control of the territory after the American Revolution (1775–1783) and Ohio became a state on March 1, 1803.
Trade on the Ohio River, its canals, and railroads established there led to a boom in the economic situation in the Territory.
Flood control projects were established after Ohio suffered devastating flooding in 1913. Ohio’s global trade began to grow in the sixties of the twentieth century after eight of Ohio’s cities on Lake Erie became ports on the St. Lawrence Sea Pass. In the eighties, low prices for crops and livestock forced many small Ohio farmers to quit.