Cities have their talk and spirit where they sail in history and write its details. Shelter their human beings to scatter on their features beauty. Tears of joy and moments of sadness to come to them over the years tall as an immortal melody. That inherited by generations, cities mix times and preserve for us the renewed dream of a more beautiful tomorrow.
The “historical” area of Jeddah known for its buildings. Whose facades decorated with unique decorations and inscriptions that characterize the Islamic architectural style, along with the Hijazi architectural heritage. Especially the main entrances to these buildings designed in a high-level artistic way using wood materials. Where they are very beautiful wooden shapes and cover the entrances and most parts of the buildings from the outside. Embody an architecture that has become its own, making it the focus of attention of researchers in the field of Arab and Islamic architecture.
Old Jeddah Architecture
The “Hijazi” house, in which the houses of “Historical Jeddah” called, is an architectural masterpiece. That reflects the culture of the inhabitants of ancient Jeddah and the taste of the inhabitants of those houses. That resisted time and still a witness to the civilization and progress of the people of Jeddah. Describes something of the community life they lived. Along with their customs and traditions, and gave fertile space to heritage researchers. Those who attracted by the work of decoration and construction.
In the façade of the house “Al-Hijazi” stand out the wooden windows called “Roshan”. Which an architectural masterpiece characterized by prominent wooden coverage of windows and external openings made of luxurious wood. Islamic inscriptions and calm earthy colors, and zigzags very important for the ventilation process to the house and obscure the view from the outside. Also prevents the entry of dust loaded in the wind with toxins after colliding with large wooden facades area. That reduces the speed of wind and thus the fall of grains of sand loaded with wind outside the small openings in the Roshan.
Namely It based on covering the windows and openings overlooking the house on the outside with luxurious wood with the adoption of Islamic inscriptions and calm earthy colors. Which only an indication of what the people of Jeddah inherited from the characteristics of the Arab Muslims represented in not leaving the house exposed to the viewer from outside and maintaining its sanctity and privacy. As it does not see the house and what in it and who in it except those who allowed to enter from close associates, and brought most of these woods to the historical area in the early 14th century AH. These include so-called collars and doors, and other candelabra sticks. Which come from the coasts of East Africa, before being made locally.
The (historical area) located in the heart of Jeddah. Where it an open museum that includes the oldest buildings and built of coral stones. While its windows made of wooden rawashin with a Hijazi character known for the beauty of its inscriptions and the accuracy of its carving on wood, and the area is famous for its narrow alleys and old lanes such as the neighborhoods of Mazloum and the Levant, and famous doors such as Bab Makkah and Bab Sharif, in addition to its ancient mosques such as the Shafi’i Mosque, the Mosque Souk and other landmarks dating back more than eight centuries.
The origin of the city of Jeddah dates back to almost three thousand years at the hands of a group of fishermen who settled in it. After the completion of hunting, and at the dawn of Islam it gained great importance when Caliph Uthman ibn Affan 25 AH. Chose it to become a major port of Mecca, and its importance increased over time until it became a major commercial center characterized by permanent movement and expanded its area, but reached 748 square kilometers, and thus became the largest city overlooking On the Red Sea.
It worth mentioning that the World Heritage List a landmark nominated by UNESCO included in the International Heritage Sites Program. Natural monuments, such as forests and mountains. Or man-made, such as buildings and cities. Where the program aims to preserve sites of particular importance to the human race. When the region enters the list it gets the attention of the international community to ensure that they preserved for future generations.