Berlin is a large European city with a population of 3.5 million people. Naturally, for the functioning of the city. You need a well-developed public transport network. Berlin’s public transport consists of the U-Bahn metro. The city’s S-Bahn train, the tram system, buses and the ferry crossing network. Public transport in Berlin covers not only the city. But also the suburbs within a 15 km radius of the city. The transport network of the city is very well-thought-out. So it is convenient to make transfers from one mode of transport to another. And on long-distance trains. And we read about how to understand the system of transport. Where to buy tickets. And how much it costs to travel.
Berlin Metro and Train
As in other cities in Europe and the world. The metro in Berlin U-Bahn is the most convenient kind of transport. The metro opened in 1902. Now the metro consists of 10 lines, 170 stations, the length – 152 km. Total used 1266 cars, there are modern, and there are very old cars in good condition. Metro integrated into the public transport system of the city. So it is convenient to make transfers to trains, trams, buses.
As for traffic intervals, trains run on average every 5 minutes on weekdays. And every 10 minutes on weekends and evenings. On weekdays, the metro runs from 4 a.m. to 1 a.m. on most branches. On weekends, the metro operates around the clock.
The train (ground metro) in Berlin called S-Bahn. I tell about it together with the subway. Because on all plans and schemes the train. And subway united in a single transport network. The S-Bahn consists of 15 lines, 166 stations, the length of the lines is 332 km. Trains can reach suburbs such as Potsdam. And Berlin airports, make transfers at railway stations or take the subway. Or tram at transfer stations.
The operating hours of the S-Bahn commuter trains. About the same as those of the metro. From 4 a.m. to 1 a.m. Monday to Friday, saturdays from 5 a.m. to 1 a.m. And Sundays from 6:30 a.m. to 1 a.m. On the subway circuit you can see that some trains. Like the subway, are running at night (these numbers marked in gray). The intervals between trains are larger than those of the metro. About 5-15 minutes.
Buses in Berlin
Berlin has 198 day bus routes serving 2,634 stops. There are 63 routes (n) at night, serving 1,508 stops. So you’ll find a place to get from Berlin’s many clubs and bars to the hotel.
Bus stops equipped with an analogue schedule of all routes. Passing through the stop, some stops in the center have an electronic scoreboard. Stops marked with the letter H.
In addition to regular buses. Berlin has 17 Metro Bus routes marked by the letter (M) in a circle. They run around the city around the clock at a 10-minute interval. There are 13 Express bus routes marked by the letter (X). They run from the airport and connect the suburbs of Berlin. With the center in those places where there is no subway and trains.
Berlin’s tram network is the largest in Germany. And consists of 22 lines, 800 stops, and its length is 430 km. In Berlin there are two types of trams: MetroTram and the usual tram (Straenbahn). The berlin tram network began to develop in 1865. But now on the routes you can meet both old trams. And modern rolling stock from Bombardier.
In Berlin, you’ll find 9 MetroTram routes, which marked with the letter M (M1-M17). These trams run around the clock, in the daytime every 10 minutes, after 0.30 every 30 minutes. The 13 tram routes of The Strazenbahn have only a digital designation. (routes 12-68), they run until midnight. It is easy to understand the routes. The main thing is to have a map of the trams of Berlin. You can download from us. As you can see in the scheme, most tram routes cover the eastern part of the city.
Since rivers, lakes and canals pass through Berlin. It is not surprising that the ferry crossing is part. Of the city’s public transport network. In total, the city operates 5 water routes. Designated by the letter F (F10 – F23).
Taxis are part of Berlin’s transport system. Taxis can drive on special dedicated bus lanes. Throughout the city you can find many taxi parking. Especially in tourist areas and in crowded places. There are 7,500 taxis in the city.
In the calculation called by the taxi driver. The amount should coincide with the amount on the meter. You should give a check and change. The price for landing: 3.40, the cost of 1 km is 1.79, when traveling more than 7 km – 1.28. An hour’s wait costs €25 (while standing in traffic jams. You also pay for a simple one). For non-cash payment taken 1.5. There is also a baggage fee of 1.
Berlin Tickets and Pass Fare
Berlin divided into zones A, B and C. Fares vary depending on which zone you travel in: AB, BC or ABC. The ABC area includes the entire suburbs of Berlin and Potsdam.
The ticket for one trip is valid for 2 hours. It can transplant. But you can not return to the departure point or drive in a circle. Discounted tickets are valid for children from 6 to 14 years old. Travel for children under 5 is free.
- Ticket for one trip in the AB zone: 2.70; Discounted – €1.70;
- Ticket in the BC zone: 3.00; Discounted – €2.10;
- Ticket in the ABC zone: 3.30; discounted – €2.40
A short-trip ticket costs €1.60 and a discount of €1.20. There are 3 stops on the subway and trains. And it is possible to make a change. Or 6 bus or tram stops without the chance of transfers.
The ticket is valid all day until 03:00 the next day. For example, you hit a ticket at 3 p.m., which means you can drive all day until 03:00 the next morning.
- AB zone: 7.00; Discounted – €4.70;
- B-zone: 7.40; Discounted – €5.10;
- ABC zone: €7.70; discounted – €5.30.
Group ticket for one day
A group ticket for the day is valid for 1 day. For a group of 5 people until 03:00 the next day.
- AB zone: €19.90;
- B-zone: 20.60;
- ABC zone: 20.80.
The travel time ends at 24:00 on the seventh day.
- AB zone: €30.00;
- B-zone: 31.40;
- ABC zone: 37.50
1 month’s pass
- AB zone: EUR81.00;
- B-zone: EUR83.20;
- ABC zone: EUR100.50.
1 year pass
- AB zone: EUR740
- BC zone: EUR782
- ABC zone: EUR947
For tourists there are Berlin (City Tour Card and Welcome Card) cards. These are travel tickets for 1-3 days. And at the same time discounts (from 15 to 50%) to most tourist sites. I will not describe all types of cards. Their cost depends on the number of days and varies from 17 to 42.
Where to buy tickets
Tickets for Berlin’s public transport sold in vending machines. On platforms at S-Bahn and U-Bahn train stations. Buses can paid for by drivers. The trams also have special machines where you can buy a ticket. You will need time to understand the work of machines.
Where to validate tickets
Before the trip, all tickets must validated in special punchers. It installed on platforms in the metro and at train stops. As well as inside buses and trams. If you do not validate your ticket. It will be invalid and you will face a fine.