The Shada Archaeological Palace in Abha, Saudi Arabia is a popular tourist attraction that showcases a great example of Islamic architecture. The Palace is home to a number of important artifacts, making it a must-see for anyone visiting Abha. In this article, we will take a look at the history of the Shada region, the origins of the Palace, and what you can expect to see when you visit.
Pre-Islamic history of the Shada region
The Shada region has a long and rich history that dates back to the 4th century BCE. The region first settled by an ancient people known as the Sabaeans, who later replaced by the Kingdom of Aksum in the 1st century CE. The Aksumites ruled over the region for centuries, until they overthrown by the Umayyad Caliphate in the 7th century. The Abbasid Caliphate then conquered the Umayyad Caliphate in the 8th century, and the Shada region became part of the Abbasid Empire. In the 9th century, the Tulunids dynasty ruled over the region.
The Shada region has always been a strategic location, due to its proximity to the Red Sea. This made it an important stop on trade routes between Arabia and Africa. The region also had abundant natural resources, which made it valuable to empires and dynasties throughout history.
After King Abdulaziz captured Riyadh in 1901, he built a palace on the site where his ancestors ruled. For more than 30 years this was his home and headquarters, and he ran his military and political campaigns to conquer and unify the Arabian Peninsula. He remained the seat of the national government until his death in 1953.
The palace is huge, with an area of 11,500 square meters. When it was built, it was the largest building in Riyadh, which was nothing more than a provincial city of mud-brick buildings surrounded by a wall.
It has been rebuilt three times in the last century, most recently during the eighties project overseen by the current king during his reign, and is now home to the capital’s municipal government. The palace of government has been the seat of government since the second Saudi state in the mid-nineteenth century. The name means “Palace of Justice”, and traditionally, justice was administered in the main square here, by an executioner with a sharp sword.
The origins of the Shada Palace
The origins of the Shada Palace shrouded in mystery, but there are a few things that we know for sure. The Palace was first mentioned in history in the 9th century, during the reign of the Tulunids dynasty. It likely that the Palace built sometime during this period.
The Palace thought to have constructed out of stone and brick, and designed in the Islamic architectural style. The Palace would have been a grand and imposing structure, befitting its status as a royal residence.
Today, the Shada Archaeological Palace is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Abha. The Palace is a great example of Islamic architecture, and is home to a number of important artifacts. Visitors can learn about the rich history of the Shada region, and see some of its most precious treasures.
The Palace in the Islamic era
The ancient Shada Palace attracts foreign tourists coming to the region from Europe and America, and the palace, built about 86 years ago, has become a major target for the lenses of visitors to Asir who are keen to take pictures of it, as an archaeological and architectural edifice.
The founder, King Abdulaziz, recommended Sheikh Abdul Wahab Abu Melha, Director of Finance of Abha at the time, to build the palace in 1348 AH / 1927 AD, and used for a period of time as the headquarters of the Emir of the region, and the Supreme Commission for Tourism moved to restore and maintain the palace and turn it into a museum, which includes in its four floors many old household items, agricultural tools, weapons, antique costumes, and some manuscripts and coins.
The Umayyad Caliph Harun al-Rashid conquered the Shada region in the 8th century, and decided to build a residence for himself and his family in the area. The Palace completed in 789 AD, and served as a home for the Caliph and his family for many years. The Palace also used for political meetings, and was a important center of power for the Umayyad Caliphate.
In 12th century, the Mamluks invaded the Shada region and destroyed the Palace. The Palace remained in ruins until it rebuilt by the Ottomans in the 16th century. Today, the Shada Archaeological Palace is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Abha. The Palace is a great example of Islamic architecture, and is home to a number of important artifacts.
The modern day Palace
The Shada Archaeological Palace renovated in 2006 and opened to the public in 2008. The palace is now a museum that holds many exhibitions on the history of the Shada region. The museum also has a library and a cafe. The Shada Archaeological Palace is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Abha. The palace is open every day from 9am to 5pm.
The exhibitions at the museum focus on the history of the Shada region, from its earliest settlers to the present day. Visitors can learn about the different cultures that have inhabited the region, and see some of the most important artifacts from each period. The museum also has a library where visitors can research the history of the Shada region in more depth.
The Shada Archaeological Palace is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Abha, and is a great place to learn about the rich history of this fascinating region.
What to see at the Shada Palace
The Shada Archaeological Palace is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Abha, Saudi Arabia. Shada Palace built in the early 20th century and is a great example of Islamic architecture. The Palace is open to the public and has a number of features that make it unique, including its large size, its use of color, and its ornate decoration.
The Palace is home to a number of important artifacts, including a collection of Islamic coins. The coins in the collection date back to the 7th century, and provide a fascinating glimpse into the history of Islam. The collection also includes a number of rare and valuable coins from other cultures, such as the Byzantine Empire and the Abbasid Caliphate.
In addition to the coin collection, the Shada Archaeological Palace also houses a number of other artifacts that are important to the history of the region. These artifacts include pottery, jewelry, and weapons. The exhibits at the Palace provide a detailed look at the different cultures that have inhabited the region over time.
Visitors to the Shada Archaeological Palace can also see a number of architectural features that are unique to Islamic architecture. These features include intricate tile work, carved wooden doors, and stained glass windows. The combination of these elements creates a beautiful and distinctive aesthetic that is unlike any other type of architecture.
The Shada Archaeological Palace is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Abha for good reason. The Palace is a great example of Islamic architecture, and is home to a number of important artifacts. Visitors can learn about the rich history of the region, and see some of its most precious treasures.