Scientists have recently discovered that the largest organism on Earth is a mushroom fungus in one of the forests of Michigan. However, it is possible that someday the title of “largest” will go to the whole ecosystem, even its smallest elements – microbes, and not much superior to the smallest plants in the world. Moreover, there are so many of them, microscopic, that they seriously affect the life of higher beings. Well, that is, you and me. Now you will understand.
It is these plants that often interfere in our affairs: they spoil someone’s rest, or vice versa, destroy all living things in water bodies, or vice versa, harm health, or … In general, unicellular algae are so small that they cannot be seen, which means they are the smallest plants in the world.
Mosses or bryophytes – these are plants, in contrast to lichens, which, nevertheless, can be smaller. This is a huge moss kingdom that includes tens of thousands of species of inhabitants. Like algae, in the second place of our TOP they are the whole class, otherwise there would simply be no places left for all the others!
3 Spherical wolfia
AND finally, a real plant that has everything that is usually found on flowers in the first year of biology. It is the smallest flower (i.e. flowering plant) in the world. The dimensions of wolfia are 1-2 mm, and for you they will look like a lot of small green lumps in the water.
4 Rootless Wolfia
It the plant reproduces by division, and almost constantly. Only for the winter does it sink to the bottom of the reservoirs to spend the winter. Due to their small size, it is very difficult to see individual plants, 1.5 mm, after all.
Wolfia should not be confused with duckweed, duckweed is larger. Of its 25 species, some reach as much as 1 cm in diameter. There are other differences, duckweed are thick leaves that have roots. True, the root of the duckweed is rather a steering wheel and a load.
6 Baby Orchid Platystele jungermannioides
The genus Platystele includes 95 of the smallest orchids in the world, but this one is the most presamaya. Its graceful translucent flowers are only 2.1mm in diameter, and the flowering plants, when gathered together, are so small that they are often mistaken for moss. Grows in Ecuador.
7 Viola lilliputana
Dwarf violet is a very rare species of violets that grows on only one plateau in Peru … For the first time this rarity 1 cm high was described in 2012, when it was recognized as a separate species of violets.
8 Blossfeldia liliputana
Most the smallest cactus in the world does not exceed 1.5 cm in height and is also called “dwarf” in its name. It grows exclusively in stones, does not tolerate soil, and also has an interesting ability – completely dried up, it is reborn after watering.
Lithops are not so whimsical, but by themselves they are very much like stones, in fact, they are called so, only with the prefix “living”. These original plants have taken root in flower pots. Not more than 5 cm in diameter and height, they differ in a variety of colors.
10 Dwarf willow
The smallest tree on planet – dwarf willow, grows up to 10 cm maximum. Some scientists attribute it to shrubs. but what’s the difference, with such sizes it still falls into the 10th place of our TOP!