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The Capital of Germany

What is the Capital of Germany?

The city of Berlin is the official capital of Germany and the main center for many of its regions. Berlin is located in the northern part of Germany within the geographical axis between West and East; In 1871, it became the capital of Prussia, but interest in the city declined in 1945, and it survived the destruction of the Second World War, and its monuments were rebuilt, which contributed to its economic development.

Berlin is the most cosmopolitan city in Germany. The German capital is a paradise for visitors, as the numbers prove: three-quarters of Berliners are immigrants, and only a quarter of the three and a half million inhabitants of Berlin were born in it.

The German Capital: a paradise for visitors

According to statistics, 150 thousand people move to Berlin every year – those who intend to settle here for a long time or at least for a while, without taking into account tourist flows. This figure, however, is offset by the fact that nearly 130,000 people leave the German capital during the same period. The real Berlin dialect is less and less heard on the streets: instead, foreign phrases or German with an accent from around the world are heard.

Almost 500 thousand Berliners are foreign nationals: those who came to study, work or have fun. And this figure can be almost doubled if we remember the German citizens who grew up in another country and do not call German their native language. The most common example is the Russian Germans, who, despite their German roots, have lived in Russia for several generations and are now adapting to European realities.

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You should not think that hosting so many foreigners or residents of other German cities is new for Berlin. In the early 1700s it became home to French Huguenots, and three decades later to 20,000 Protestants from Austria. During Bismarck’s time, under the pressure of industrialization gaining momentum, the population of Berlin increased by more than a million people.

The German capital is famous for its hospitality. Here people feel free – but at the same time they strive to create small communities and groups, uniting along national, cultural and social lines. This is how islands of different cultures, national districts and quarters arise in a large metropolis. Guests and residents of the capital can choose their lifestyle – after all, Berlin will open its arms to anyone who is ready to respect its hospitality and accept others as they are.

Capitals of Germany

Did you know that Germany changed its capital 7 times. Do you want to know which cities played the role of the main city of the country?


Medieval capital of the West and Europe. Charlemagne liked to rest in Aachen. The peculiarity of the city is that it connects with three countries: Belgium, Holland and Germany. The main attraction is the Imperial (Aachen) Cathedral.


The city that has preserved the most historical buildings. Here it is worth taking a walk to the Gothic church of the Virgin Mary, the castle and Albrecht-Dürer-Haus (Dürer’s house-museum).


This is the first Bavarian capital, included since 2006 in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Tourists should take a walk along the streets of Regensburg and try the famous sausages in the Historishe Wurstkuche. Curious travelers should visit local museums, as well as ride along the Danube.


A small cozy city that attracts tourists with its rich cultural heritage: galleries, museums, parks, monuments, gardens and theaters.

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The capital of Germany, where Beethoven lived. The old part of the city is the most beautiful due to the wonderful sights: the museum quarter, Beethoven’s house, the Bonn Cathedral, the Hofgarten park.


The modern capital of the country, where modern architecture and buildings of the Middle Ages are combined. Here tourists can see what is left of the Berlin Wall, go to the zoo and museums.

Frankfurt am Main

Frankfurt am Main was also planned to be made the capital, a parliament building was even built here, but it was never used for its intended purpose. There are many attractions and museums here. The city serves the famous Frankfurt sausages and Rindwurst beef sausages. They are usually eaten with apple cider and beer.

Berlin Geography

Berlin is located in eastern Germany in central Europe on the 52° latitude and the 13° longitudinal line, between the Barneme and Teltov plains. The Sprier River cuts through the historic city centre, and in western Berlin it flows into the Havel River, which in turn forms Lake Tegel and the large Lake Elvan. The state of Brandenburg surrounds Berlin on all sides. The highest heights of the city reach 115 meters above the sea level.

Education in Berlin

Berlin has 17 universities and higher institutes and a total number of 150,000 university students. The most important universities are Humboldt University, Free University of Berlin and Technical University of Berlin.

Berlin is an important industrial center. It has the Humboldt University, also known as the University of Berlin, which was created in 1809 and is therefore the oldest university in the city. Next to Humboldt University, there is the Free University of Berlin, which represents the largest university in Berlin. There are also plenty of other higher education institutions, such as the Academy of Arts, the Institute of Applied Arts and the Technical University. The city also has huge public libraries such as the American Library, which contains about a million books.

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Berlin Economy

Berlin has many economic sectors, one-fifth of its economic strength depends on the creative and cultural economy associated with universities. And more than 80% of the city’s companies work in the field of services.

The German economy ranks fifth globally in terms of purchasing power. The largest economy on the continent of Europe, and Germany the main exporter of many global industries. Such as household equipment, compounds and chemicals.

The Capital of Germany
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