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Why is Philippine Airlines So Cheap

Philippine Airlines (PAL) is renowned for providing affordable airfares compared to other major airlines, both domestically and internationally. This article explores the reasons behind the cost-effectiveness of Philippine Airlines, delving into additional factors that contribute to its competitive pricing.

Partial Government Ownership and Subsidies

PAL’s partial government ownership plays a vital role in its affordability. With the Philippine government as a stakeholder, the airline receives financial support and subsidies. This assistance helps PAL reduce operational costs, allowing them to offer more economical fares to passengers.

Competition in the Market

The highly competitive market in the Philippines also influences the affordability of Philippine Airlines. PAL faces competition from various domestic and international airlines operating in the country. This competitive environment compels PAL to continuously review and adjust its fares, striving to attract customers while remaining financially viable. The intense rivalry ensures that prices remain reasonable and competitive.

Economies of Scale

Being the largest airline in the Philippines, PAL benefits from economies of scale. With a sizable fleet and multiple flight destinations and frequencies, PAL can spread its fixed costs over a larger number of passengers. This leads to reduced average costs per passenger, allowing PAL to offer affordable fares without compromising on service quality.

Fuel Efficiency and Operational Costs

Fuel costs significantly impact an airline’s expenses. Philippine Airlines has invested in modern, fuel-efficient aircraft, resulting in lower operational costs. Utilizing newer planes with advanced aerodynamics and improved engine technology allows PAL to reduce fuel consumption significantly. These savings are then passed on to customers, contributing to the affordability of PAL’s airfares.

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Moreover, PAL implements various cost-saving measures throughout its operations. This includes negotiating favorable prices with suppliers, optimizing flight routes, and implementing efficient check-in and boarding processes. These initiatives help minimize operational expenses, further contributing to the affordability of PAL’s airfares.

Class Structure and Ancillary Revenue

Philippine Airlines’ class structure and ancillary revenue generation also play a role in its affordability. By offering different classes of service, including economy, premium economy, and business class, PAL caters to a diverse range of passenger preferences and budgets.

Additionally, PAL generates ancillary revenue by offering supplementary services and amenities for an extra charge. These may include pre-selected seats, extra baggage allowance, in-flight meals, and other add-ons. The revenue generated from these supplementary services helps offset the cost of providing lower base fares, making Philippine Airlines more affordable overall.

Operational Efficiency and Cost Management

PAL emphasizes operational efficiency and cost management as crucial components of its affordability. The airline continually assesses and streamlines its operations to minimize expenses without compromising safety or service quality. This commitment to efficiency allows PAL to maintain competitive pricing, providing affordable air travel options to passengers.

Strategic Partnerships and Alliances

Philippine Airlines has established strategic partnerships and alliances with other airlines, allowing them to access additional routes and resources. These partnerships provide PAL with cost-saving opportunities through code-sharing agreements, shared services, and joint purchasing programs. The resulting cost advantages contribute to PAL’s ability to offer more affordable fares.


The affordability of Philippine Airlines is the result of several factors working together. These include partial government ownership and subsidies, competition in the market, economies of scale, fuel efficiency, operational cost-saving measures, class structure with ancillary revenue generation, operational efficiency, strategic partnerships, and alliances. Thanks to these initiatives, PAL can offer cost-effective airfares without compromising the quality of service, making it an appealing choice for budget-conscious travelers.

Why is Philippine Airlines So Cheap
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