We all have 7 wonders of the world in mind, right? But if you take a little longer to think, I’m sure not all wonders come to mind that quickly. And in this article. I present both the 7 wonders of the ancient world and the wonders of the modern world. So that next time you can name each of them. After reading this article, you will have all the information about the monuments awarded in this prestigious competition.
The seven wonders of the world – 7 wonders of the ancient world
1: The Great Pyramid of Giza – First of seven wonders of the world
The famous Great Pyramid of Giza the only surviving structure in the Seven Wonders of the World. Built-in the desert of Giza, Egypt, by three people, King Kufu, King khafre. And King Menkaure. Who proud of their enormous power at the time. It refers to the three pyramids created.
The pyramid of King Menkaure is about 65m. The Pyramid of Khafre. It well preserved. And said to be the most beautiful pyramid in Egypt. Located in the center of the three. And about 136m high. The Pyramid of King Kufu is 139m and is the largest grave in the world.
This pyramid created around 2530 BC, about 4500 years ago. And registered as a World Heritage Site as a cemetery site along with Memphis, where the pyramid is located.
Location: Current Egypt
Completion date: Around 2530 BC
Current status: Existing
2: Colossus of Rhodes – Second seven wonders of the world
It said that a giant statue over 30m once towered over the harbor on the Greek island of Rhodes. Built around 300 BC by Chares of Lindos, this statue modeled after the sun god Helios. With a total length of 34m and a pedestal of about 50m. Comparable in size to the Statue of Liberty in New York. It said that there was.
Excellent Karakuri applied to various places
The statue of Helios on Rhodes Island. It praised by Philon, who selected as one of the Seven Wonders of the World. As “the world’s largest and most complete statue made by humans,” is of course overwhelmingly large. The karakuri applied to the island is excellent.
For a ship that has a sword in its left hand and a flame (vessel) in its right hand. Which contains boiled oil and lead and illegally enter the harbor. The container tilted and the ship tilted. It said that the mechanism such that oil and lead dropped toward it. In addition, there a spiral staircase that extends to the head inside the colossus. And when the ignition stand on the head lit at night. The colossus’ eyes just look shining or the crown opens and oil flows from there. It also said to have been released. And attacked by the enemy.
It has been believed that this colossus stood across the harbor. But considering that the width of the harbor is about 60 m. The total length after its posture is about 120 m or more. And it is structurally durable. A problematic view has emerged, and it is possible that standing with both legs open was a legend.
Location: Current Greece (Rhodes Island, southeastern Aegean Sea)
Completed: Built around 300 BC
Current status: Disappeared
3: Temple of Artemis in Ephesus – Third of seven wonders of the world
It built around 700 BC in the ancient city of Ephesus. It existed on the west coast of present-day Turkey, and has existed there for about 400 years. The all-marble temple dedicated to Artemis said to have been larger than the Parthenon in Athens.
The British Museum’s archaeological expedition. Led by British John Wood, began excavation in 1863. And seven years later, in December 1869, the ruins of the temple excavated approximately 7 meters underground.
Ancient city “Ephesus” that repeatedly moved
Ephesus was born around the 11th century BC, and in the 6th century BC, commerce flourished. With a population of about 200,000. However, because it a port town near the mouth of the river. It hit by the damage caused by the accumulation of sediment from the river, and it repeatedly moved each time.
Since its early construction around 700 BC, the temple built around 550 BC disappeared by arson around 356 BC. In 323 BC, a huge temple with a front width of 55m. A depth of 115m. And a height of 19m built in an attempt to make it larger than the Parthenon in Athens. (front width 31m, depth 70m, height 10m). However, this temple also destroyed during the enemy invasion in 263 BC. After that, it completely filled with earth and sand flowing from the river. Centuries later, the excavation in 1869 revealed what it like at that time.
Location: Current west coast of Turkey
Completion date: Around 700 BC
Current status: Part (only one pillar) extant
4: Statue of Zeus at Olympia – Forth of seven wonders of the world
Built-in 435 BC by the renowned ancient sculptor Phidias. The statue considered the principal image of the dedication competition at the ancient Olympics. Zeus, the omnipotent god sitting on a pedestal decorated. With gold, ivory, ebony, and jewels, has a statue of Nike, the goddess of victory. In his right hand and a tin cane wearing an eagle in his left hand. It was.
Despite being a sitting statue, the height is about 12m. About its size, geographer Strabo around the 1st century BC wrote. “If the statue of Zeus stood up, it would pierce the roof.”
Zeus “Statue” chosen instead of Zeus “Temple”
The Zeus statue was housed in a huge building called the Zeus Temple. Which is about 27m high and about 64m wide. But Philon chose the Zeus statue as one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The Roman general “Lucius Aemilius Paulus Macedonics”. Around the 2nd century, BC saw this statue during the conquest of Macedonia and was in awe of the godliness.
In 394, 800 years after its construction, it moved from Olympia to Byzantium. The capital of the Roman Empire at that time. Since the Roman Empire established Christianity as the state religion. The theory that the statue of Zeus destroyed by the hands of heathens predominant.
Location: Current Greece
Completion date: Around 435 BC
Current status: Disappearance
5: Hanging Gardens of Babylon – Fifth of seven wonders of the world
The stepped garden, which existed in Babylon, the capital of the Babylonian kingdom, around 600 BC, has a garden in the air because many plants planted on the terrace, and the height was unprecedented for a building at that time. Says it looked like.
It believed to have been destroyed by the Achaemenid Persian invasion in 538 BC and became a legend, but it found in an aerial garden as a result of excavation by German archaeologist Roberto Cordevay in the early 20th century. A ruin that seems to have been found.
The top is over 100m high
It is said that the aerial garden has a structure in which a base of about 400m in length and width x 15m in height laid and piled up in a pyramid style, and the top is 100m or more.
It said that King Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon recreated the atmosphere of her hometown, which rich in nature, in this aerial garden in order to comfort her wife, Amytis, who misses her hometown.
Location: Current Iraq (a suburb of Baghdad)
Completion date: Around 600 BC
Current status: The site of an aerial garden still exists
6: Mausoleum at Halcarnassos – Sixth of seven wonders of the world
Mausolus, Governor of Achaemenid Persia, ruled the country of Kalia in western Asia Minor from 377 BC to 353 BC. The mausoleum built by his wife Artemisia to enshrine the bodies of Mausolus and his wife Artemisia and completed around 350 BC, three years after Mausolus’ death and one year after his wife’s death. The marble mausoleum said to have been beautifully carved.
In 1856, the British Museum sent archaeologist Charles Thomas Newton to investigate the ruins of the Mausoleum at Hawthorne. Today, the British Museum houses relics found by Newtons and sculptures of the Mausoleum at Hawthorne, which the Crusaders handed over to the British ambassador.
Location: Current Turkish Bodrum
Completion date: Around 350 BC
Current status: Site only
7: Lighthouse of Alexandria – Seventh of seven wonders of the world
Built around the 3rd century BC on the island of Faros on the Gulf of Alexandria in Egypt. Ptolemy I of the time decided to build a lighthouse because of the flat land around Alexandria and no landmarks for voyages or entry into the port. It said that the huge lighthouse able to see the light from a ship 50 km away.
Construction began in 305 BC and completed during the time of Ptolemy II. The height of the lighthouse is about 134m. A mirror placed on the top to reflect the sun’s rays, and at night it burned flames to reflect it.
The large lighthouse partially destroyed by the 796 earthquakes. It completely collapsed in the earthquakes of 1303 and 1323. Around 1480, the remains of the lighthouse used to build the Citadel of Qait Bay fortress, and the large lighthouse disappeared completely.
Location: Faros Island, Alexandria Bay, Egypt Date of
completion: Around 350 BC
Current status: Disappearance
The 7 wonders of the modern world
Seven new wonders of the Modern World took their place. These seven monuments from around the world chosen by more than 90 million people in 2007 when the private company. New Open World Corporation held a worldwide competition, so Earth residents would choose their seven new wonders. The result was tight, and 21 cities. And architectural works from all continents. Built by 2000 have reached the final stage. These included the Sydney Opera House, the Statue of Liberty. The most recognizable landmark of the United States, the Eiffel Tower in France. The Acropolis in Athens, and the Alhambra in Granada. However, none of them managed to infiltrate the winning seven, and in the end, it was:
1- The Great Wall of China
The Great Wall of China is so famous that no one is unaware of it as a World Heritage Site.
This is the remains of a Chinese wall and is 21,196.18km long.
It also well known that it the only World Heritage Site that can be seen from artificial satellites.
Construction of the Great Wall began in the Spring and Autumn period of the 7th to 6th centuries BC.
It said that this is because they fear foreigners invading from the west.
Zhou, Qi, Wei, Zhao, Yancheng, Qin, etc … compete with each other, and the number of protective fences steadily increases.
All of these dynasties are building a great Great Wall.
2- The mausoleum of the Taj Mahal in India
This is also one of the famous World Heritage Sites such as the Great Wall of China.
A marble mausoleum built by Shah Jahan. The fifth emperor of the Mughal Empire, for his beloved Mumtaz Mahal, died in 1631.
In a nutshell, it was a «crystal of love”.
Translated literally by the Taj Mahal, it seems to mean “crown palace” or “crown of the palace”. And it seems to be known locally as Phi Phi Ka Rosa.
Peepy is a friendly call for ladies.
Ka Rosa means “tomb of”.
3- The Colosseum in Rome
The capital of Italy. It is its most famous and most famous building: the Flavian Amphitheater or the Colosseum. This building, the largest in its category when it was built, dates from the 1st century. And is currently one of the most representative times of the Roman Empire and antiquity as a whole. It is estimated that the Colosseum could hold 50,000 to 80,000 spectators who could come to see public performances. Such as fake naval battles. Or dramas based on classical mythology, as well as gladiatorial competitions.
4- The city of Petra in Jordan
Archaeological Site Petra is located in a valley between the Dead Sea in Jordan and the Gulf of Aqaba.
It is also known as the ruins. Where the Holy Grail was hidden in the movie «Indiana Jones / The Last Jihad».
Petra means “stone” in Greek, and as the name suggests, it created by carving soft sandstone.
By the way, the admission fee is quite high 5,000 yen.
5- Machu Picchu, Peru
The fifth of the seven wonders of the modern world dates back to the 15th century. It was the Inca city of Machu Picchu, Cusco, Peru. Perched atop a mountain at an altitude of 2,430 meters above sea level. This classic Inca-style construction, which archaeologists refer to a ranch designed to serve as royal residence The Inca Pachacuti base. Which has three main structures, the Inti Watana, the Temple del Sol. And the Sala de las Tres Ventanas. And many other remote buildings, have mostly been rebuilt to give tourists a better idea. how about the original citadel.
6- Chichen Itza in Mexico
Chichén Itzá is also one of the New Seven Wonders of the Modern World. It is one of the main archaeological sites of the Yucatan peninsula. In Mexico, which originally formed a pre-Colombian Mayan city dominated by the Kukulkán temple. Also known as the «El Castillo». , the name by which they baptized the Spanish. subjugator. This construction serves as a temple to the god Kukulkán. And consists of a pyramid. With a series of square steps with stairs going up from four sides to the top.
7- Christ the Redeemer of Rio de Janeiro
Last but not least. The statue of Christ the Redeemer from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Also one of the 7 new wonders of the modern world. It is a 30-meter high sculpture with an Art Deco design. Which crowns Mount Corcovado representing the body of Jesus of Nazareth. This work, which inaugurated in 1931. The result of the work of the Polish-French sculptor Paul Landowski and the Brazilian engineer Heitor da Silva Costa. On which the Frenchman Albert Caquot and the Romanian artist Gheorge Leonida also collaborated. responsible for the face of Christ.
Seven natural wonders of the world
According to American traveler and scientist Lovel Thomas, there are seven natural wonders of the world. These are the Grand Canyon, Ice Zatoka, Mammoth Cave, Victoria Falls, Baikal, Mount Everest, and Yellowstone National Park.
1- The Grand Canyon
The Grand Canyon is extraordinary with its colors and architecture. Two hundred and eighty miles long. Four to eighteen miles wide. And over a mile deep, the Grand Canyon is a fantasy of rocks and boulders. When you stand next to it, you will see an incredible game of color that no artist can describe. Flowing through a canyon, the Colorado River is nature’s main assistant in the creation of this statue.
2- Ice Inundation in Alaska
Ice inundation in Alaska, where mountains rise above sea level than anywhere else on Earth. It is a land of glaciers, large fjords, and vertical ice walls shining in the sun. There is a whole diversity of Arctic life. For example, you can see water-guiding whales, seals, polar bears, deer, wolves, and many birds.
Ice Inundation is not consistent. It is a world that is constantly changing and is a unique laboratory for scientists. Large glaciers grow slowly, enlarge fantastically. And then begin to move majestically towards the sea. And a new cultivation cycle begins on the abandoned soil.
3- Mammoth Cave
Mammoth Cave located in Kentucky. “Mammoth” is the apt name for a large labyrinth of underground corridors filled with colorful formations. Stalactites hang from the ceiling like toys on a Christmas tree, stalagmites rise from the bottom. The formations on the walls are like flowers, trees, and animals.
How old is Mammoth Cave?
It began to form around 240 million years ago. But people discovered it in 1800 when a hunter running after a bear suddenly came across his driveway.
4- Victoria Falls
On the border of Zambia and Zimbabwe, in the central part of the Zambezi River. A majestic waterfall drops its waters from a height of 108 meters. The waterfall was named after Scottish explorer David Livingston and got its name from Queen Victoria. It is the second most powerful waterfall in the world after Iguazu in South America. But unlike Iguazu, which consists of 275 steps, Victoria is a consistent stream. A rainbow often plays in falling splashes. But night rainbows are particularly beautiful. Which can be seen twice a year on a full moon in river floods.
5- Mount Everest
On the border between Nepal and Tibet (autonomous region of the PRC). There is the highest peak in the world – Everest (8848 m). Like a magnet, it attracts tourists and climbers from all over the world. Thousands of ascents are made every year. New Zealander E. Hillary was the first to conquer the mountain in 1953. At the top of Everest, 60-degree touches of frost reign. The wind blows at a speed of up to 200 km / h. But neither the lack of oxygen, acutely felt at an altitude of more than 7,925 meters. Nor the possible avalanche, stop the brave climbers. All ages are submissive to Everest: 13-year-old American Jordan Romero. The youngest person to reach the summit. And the oldest is 76-year-old Nepalese Min Bahadur Sherkhan.
6- Yellowstone National Park
Yellowstone National Park. This is the largest park in the United States. It covers 3,472 square miles. Yellowstone is the whole world. It was created by volcanic volcanoes and later formed by glaciers. Huge mountains and rocks, waterfalls, hot springs, boiling and bubbling. And home to the world’s largest geysers periodically sprays water into the air. Yellowstone’s wilderness is inhabited by bison, elk, bears, and a large number of small animals and birds. Two and a half million people visit the park every year.
Baikal. This is a giant lake in Siberia. Imagine a freshwater lake larger than Belgium, surrounded by high mountains. This Baikal is 65 km from Irkutsk in southeast Siberia.
More than a mile deep, Baikal contains as freshwater as all the North American Great Lakes. About 1,800 species of flora and fauna inhabit it, two-thirds of which cannot be found anywhere else. For example, there is golomyanka, a fish so transparent that you can read a newspaper.
The uniqueness of Lake Baikal also consists of 40,000 seals.